The Buddha taught nothing other than dukkha and the elimination of it.
He taught us to tread the Middle Way, to be neither too strict nor too slack, to go to neither the one extreme nor the other. The Middle Way consists, on one hand, in not creating hardships for yourself and, on the other hand, not indulging to your heart’s content in sensual pleasures. Walking the Middle Way brings about conditions which are in every way conducive to study and practice, and to success in putting an end to dukkha (suering).
Buddha taught self help. He said: “Self is the refuge of self.”
The Buddha said, “Buddhas merely point out the way. Making the eort is something that each individual must do for himself.” The Buddha taught that everything is caused and conditioned. Everything happens in consequence of causes and conditions, and in accordance with law. Each thing arises from a cause. We must know the cause of that thing and the ceasing of the cause of that thing.” This principle of Dhamma is scientific in nature, and we can say that the principles of Buddhism agree with the principles of science. The Buddha did not use individuals or subjective things as criteria; that is to say, Buddhism is a religion of reason.
“Avoid evil, do good, purify the mind.”
Those three together are called the “Ovda pmimokkha”, meaning the “summary of all exhortations”.
“All compounded things (all things and all beings in this world) are perpetually owing, forever breaking up (they are impermanent).
To summarize Buddha’s teaching:
* The Buddha taught us to walk the Middle Way
* The Buddha taught self-help
* The Buddha taught us to be familiar with the law o causality and to adjust the causes appropriately for the desired results to follow
* The Buddha taught as the principle of practice “Avoid evil, do good, purify the mind”
* Finally, the Buddha reminded us that all compounded things are impermanent and perpetually owing, and that we must be well-equipped with heedfulness.